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Strokesaurus


Word Definition

RCT

Randomised controlled trial
Randomised controlled trial

Rehabilitation

The process of regaining function through active treatment, such as occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech and language therapy.

Rehabilitation means getting better. 

It is active treatment.

It helps you do the things you used to do. 

It will also teach you new ways of doing things. 

It is done by health workers like: 
  • Occupational therapists 
  • Physiotherapists
  • Speech therapists

Rehabilitation physician

A doctor who specialises in the rehabilitation of patients.
A rehabilitation physician is type of doctor.

They help you get better through active treatment.

Rehabilitation unit

A dedicated unit which seeks to restore the skills of a person who has had an illness or injury so as to regain maximum self-sufficiency and function. Rehabilitation units focus on the needs of each individual patient, for example, working on helping the person walk again and speak clearly again.
A rehabilitation unit is a part of a hospital. 

They will give you execises

This helps you do the things you used to do. 

They will also teach you new ways of doing things. 

The types of things they do with you will depend on what you need. 

For example, they can help you walk again and speak clearly.

Respite care

Respite care is a short term care, provided in your own home or in an aged care home. Respite is often used when a carer needs a break. It can be planned or arranged in an emergency if needed.
Respite care gives your carer a break. 

Someone comes to your house for a short time.

They stay with you so your carer can do something else. 

It can also be given in an aged care home.

This is usually for longer times. 

It can be planned.

It can also be used in an emergency.

rFVIIa

recombinant activated factor VII
recombinant activated factor VII

RHS

Right hemisphere syndrome
Right hemisphere syndrome

Risk factors

Factors that increase the chances of a stroke happening. They include things that we cannot change such as our age and ethnicity, medical conditions which can be treated such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and an irregular heart rhythm, and lifestyle factors which can be changed such as smoking, drinking too much alcohol, an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise.
Risk factors are things might cause a stroke. 

Some risk factors are things you cannot change. 

For example: 
  • Your age
  • Your background

Other risk factors are medical problems that can be treated. 

For example:
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol 
  • Diabetes
  • Irregular heartbeat

And there are some risk factors that you can change. 

For example: 
  • Smoking
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Unhealthy food
  • Not exercising

ROC

Receiver operator curve
Receiver operator curve

ROM

Range of motion
Range of motion

ROSIER

Recognition of stroke in the emergency room
Recognition of stroke in the emergency room

RR

Relative risk
Relative risk

RRR

Relative risk reduction
Relative risk reduction

rTMS

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

rt-PA

Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Also referred to as t-PA. The drug administered intravenously to break up a blood clot. See ‘thrombolysis’.
rt-PA is a type of medicine. 

It is used to break up a blood clot. 

It is given in a needle. 

rt-PA stands for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. 

It is also called t-PA.