×
{{ user.firstName }} {{ user.lastName }}

Strokesaurus


Word Definition

IA

Intra-arterial
Intra-arterial

ICC

Intraclass correlation coefficient
Intraclass correlation coefficient

ICER

Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios
Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios

ICH

Intracranial haemorrhage
Intracranial haemorrhage

ICU

Intensive care unit
Intensive care unit

Impairment

A problem in the structure of the body (e.g. loss of a limb) or the way the body or a body part functions (e.g. hemiplegia).
A problem in the structure of the body (e.g. loss of a limb) or the way the body or a body part functions (e.g. hemiplegia).

Incontinence

Loss of bladder or bowel control.
Incontinence is when you lose control of going to the toilet.

Infarct

An infarction can happen anywhere in the body, but in stroke, it describes an area of brain tissue that has not received its blood supply and as a result it has been damaged. An infarct can be tiny or affect a larger part of the brain.
Infarction happens when a part of your brain doesn’t get enough blood. 

This causes damage to your brain. 

It can be a very small area.

It can be a larger part of your brain.

Inpatient stroke care coordinator

A person who works with people with stroke and with their carers to construct care plans and discharge plans and to help coordinate the use of healthcare services during recovery in hospital.
A person who works with people with stroke and with their carers to construct care plans and discharge plans and to help coordinate the use of healthcare services during recovery in hospital.

INR

International normalised ratio
International normalised ratio

International normalised ratio

A laboratory test which measures the time it takes for blood to clot and compares it to an average.
International normalised ratio is a type of test. 

Doctors measure the time it takes for your blood to clot. 

They compare this to the average.

Intracerebral haemorrhage

A type of haemorrhagic stroke caused by bleeding into the brain.
Intracerebral haemorrhage is a type of stroke. 

It is caused by bleeding in the brain.

Involuntary reaction

A movement that occurs without conscious choice or effort.
Involuntary reaction is when you move without choosing to. 

It happens with no effort.

IPC

Intermittent pneumatic compression
Intermittent pneumatic compression

IPCS

Inpatient palliative care services
Inpatient palliative care services

Ischaemic stroke

Stroke caused by a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel in the brain.
Ischaemic stroke is a kind of stroke. 

It is caused by a blood clot that blocks a blood vessel in your brain.

Ischemic penumbra

A stroke causes some brain cells to die and others to become injured. The injured cells are often found around the main area of damage. This area of injured cells is known as the penumbra. These cells may heal in the first few days and weeks after the stroke which can cause some spontaneous recovery.
Ischemic penumbra is an area of injured brain cells. 

When you have a stroke, some brain cells die. 

Others around them are injured. 

The area of injured cells is called the penumbra.

These injured cells can get better soon after the stroke. 

This can help you recover.

IV

Intravenous
Intravenous