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Strokesaurus


Word Definition

MA

Meta-analysis
Meta-analysis

Magnetic resonance angiogram

A test that takes a picture of the blood vessels in the brain using magnetic signals and a computer.
Magnetic resonance angiogram is a type of medical test. 

Doctors take a picture of blood vessels in your brain. 

They can see if there are any blockages. 

They can also see areas of damage.

Magnetic resonance imaging

A type of scan that uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves, instead of X-rays, to take detailed pictures of the inside of the body, including the brain.
Magnetic resonance imaging is a type of medical test. 

Doctors can take pictures inside your body. 

They can see what is happening in your brain.

MAP

Mean arterial blood pressure
Mean arterial blood pressure

MASS

Melbourne ambulance stroke screen
Melbourne ambulance stroke screen

Massive stroke

Also known as a major stroke.  Not a type of stroke but describes the degree of damage caused.
Massive stroke is a stroke that does a lot of damage. 

It is not a type of stroke. 

It is a way of talking about how much damage the stroke did. 

It is also called a major stroke.

MBS

Modified barium swallow
Modified barium swallow

MCA

Middle cerebral artery
Middle cerebral artery

MD

Mean difference
Mean difference

Medullar

Also known as the medullar oblongata. The lowest part of the brainstem, containing the cardiac, respiratory, vomiting and vasomotor centers.
The medullar is an area in your brain. 

It is the lowest part of your brain. 

It controls many things you do without thinking. 

This includes things like: 
  • Your breathing
  • Your heartbeat
  • When you sneeze
  • When you vomit

It is also called the medullar oblongata. 

MI

Myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction

Mild stroke

Also known as a minor stroke.  Not a type of stroke but describes the degree of damage caused. It is not a TIA, which is sometimes known as a mini-stroke.
Mild stroke is a stroke that does only a small amount of damage. 

It is not a type of stroke. 

It is a way of talking about how much damage the stroke did. 

It is also called a minor stroke. 

It not the same as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). 

Sometimes TIAs are called mini-strokes.

Mini stroke

A Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA).
A mini-stroke is when you have a stroke for a short time. 

You may have the signs of a stroke, but you recover within a day. 

It is also called a transient ischemic attack (TIA).

MNA

Mini nutritional assessment
Mini nutritional assessment

Mobility

The ability to move, for example, walking, standing up, moving from one chair to another.
Mobility means being able to move. 

For example:
  • Walking 
  • Standing up 
  • Moving from one chair to another

MR

Magnetic resonance
Magnetic resonance

MRA

Magnetic resonance angiography
Magnetic resonance angiography

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging

MRI scan

Abbreviation for magnetic resonance imaging.
MRI is short for magnetic resonance imaging.

mRS

Modified rankin scale
Modified rankin scale

MSSU

Mid-stream specimen of urine
Mid-stream specimen of urine

MST

Malnutrition screening tool
Malnutrition screening tool

Multidisciplinary team

The entire rehabilitation team, made up of doctors, nurses, therapists, social workers, psychologists and other health personnel.
The entire rehabilitation team, made up of doctors, nurses, therapists, social workers, psychologists and other health personnel.

Multi-infarct dementia

Multi-infarct dementia is caused by a series of small strokes. It permanently affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.
Multi-infarct dementia is damage to your mind caused by a series of small strokes. 

It causes permanent changes to: 
  • Your memory 
  • Your thinking 
  • How you talk and understand
  • How you make decisions
  • How you act

Muscle tone

Muscle tone refers to the amount of tension in a muscle. Muscle tone allows us to keep our bodies in a certain position. Changes in muscle tone allow us to move. Stroke can result in abnormally low tone (hypotonia) or high tone (hypertonia).
Muscle tone means the tension in a muscle. 

Muscle tone lets you hold your body in a position. 

When you move, your muscle tone changes. 

Having a stroke can cause low muscle tone. 

It can also cause high muscle tone.

MUST

Malnutrition universal screening tool
Malnutrition universal screening tool

MWD

Mean weighted difference
Mean weighted difference