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Strokesaurus


Word Definition

NASCET

North American symptomatic carotid endarterectomy trial
North American symptomatic carotid endarterectomy trial

Naso-gastric tube

A tube that is placed through the person’s nose and down into their stomach to feed them.
A nasogastric tube helps you eat if you can’t swallow. 

The tube goes through your nose and into your stomach. 

Special food is put into the tube. 

It goes into your stomach.

Neglect

Being unaware of, or ignoring, things on one side of the body.
Neglect is a change in how you see the things around you. 

It happens when you don’t see things on one side of your body. 

It also happens when you ignore things on one side.

Neuralgia

Pain in a nerve pathway.
Neuralgia is when you have pain in a nerve pathway.

Neurologist

A doctor who specialises in conditions of the brain and nervous system.
A neurologist is a type of doctor. 

They look after your brain and nervous system.

Neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain occurs when damaged nerves send incorrect or extra messages which cause feelings of pain. One type  is central post stroke pain (CPSP), where the area of your brain that allows you to feel pain is injured. It can cause you to feelings of constant pain in many areas of the body.
Neuropathic pain is when nerves are damaged. 

They send the wrong messages to your brain. 

This causes pain.

One kind of pain is called central post-stroke pain (CPSP).

This happens when the part of your brain that feels pain is damaged. 

It can make you feel pain in many areas of your body.

Neuroplasticity

The ability of the brain to change. After a stroke, pathways in the brain can change so that undamaged parts of the brain can take over the jobs of damaged areas.
Neuroplasticity is when your brain heals itself. 

When you have a stroke, your brain can change.

Healthy parts of your brain can take over the jobs of damaged areas.

Neuropsychologist

Neuropsychologists specialise in assessing people with difficulties with memory, thinking, decision making or behavioural problems.
Neuropsychologists are a type of health worker. 

They help you if you have trouble with:
  • Your memory
  • Your thinking
  • How you make decisions
  • How you act

NG

Nasogastric
Nasogastric

NHMRC

National Health and Medical Research Council
National Health and Medical Research Council

NIHSS

National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale

NMES

Neuromuscular electrical  stimulation
Neuromuscular electrical  stimulation

NNH

Numbers needed to harm
Numbers needed to harm

NNT

Numbers needed to treat
Numbers needed to treat

NPV

Negative predictive value
Negative predictive value

Nystagmus

Unsteady movement of the eyes. It can be side to side, up and down or in a circle. People with nystagmus have constant jittery eye movements, or their eyes flicker when they try to look steadily at something.
Nystagmus is a problem with your eyes. 

It happens when you can’t control the way your eyes move. 

Your eyes dance around. 

Your eyes might move:
  • Side to side
  • Up and down
  • In a circle 

You might have constant jittery eye movements. 

Your eyes might flicker when your try to look at something.