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Strokesaurus


Word Definition

ECG

Electrocardiography
Electrocardiography

Echocardiogram

An ultrasound to check for a clot or enlargement of a chamber in the heart.
Echocardiogram is a type of medical test. 

Doctors can take a picture inside your heart. 

They use it to see if there is a blood clot. 

They can also see if you have other problems in your heart.

ECT

Electroconvulsive therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy

ED

Emergency department
Emergency department

Edema

Also spelt oedema. The swelling of a cell that results from the influx of large amounts of water or fluid into the cell. If a limb doesn’t move very well, fluid may build up, causing edema.
Edema is when a part of your body swells up. 

If you have trouble moving your leg or arm, fluid can build up.

This fluid causes swelling. 

It is also spelt oedema.

Electrical stimulation

A technique that uses electrical currents to activate nerves innervating extremities affected by paralysis resulting from spinal cord injury (SCI), head injury, stroke and other neurological disorders. Also known as Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES), Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) or e-stim and is primarily used to restore function in people with disabilities.
Electrical stimulation is a type of medical treatment. 

It is used if you can’t move a part of your body. 

It can help you to move again. 

It uses electricity on your nerves and muscles.

Electrocardiogram

An ultrasound test that shows the pattern of electrical activity in the heart.
Electrocardiogram is a type of medical test. 

Doctors can see if there are problems with your heartbeat.

Electroencephalogram

A procedure that records the brain's continuous electrical activity by means of electrodes attached to the scalp. It can help diagnose a number of conditions, including epilepsy, sleep disorders and brain tumours.
Electroencephalogram is a type of medical test. 

Doctors put a device on your head. 

It measures activity in your brain.

Electrofacial stimulation

The electrical stimulation of facial muscles for the treatment of facial paralysis.
Electrofacial stimulation is a type of medical treatment. 

It uses electricity on the muscles and nerves in your face.

It can help you move the muscles in your face again.

Embolic stroke

A stroke caused by a blood clot (an embolus) that has come from somewhere else in the body, usually the heart.
An embolic stroke is a type of stroke. 

It is caused by a blot clot in the brain. 

The blood clot comes from somewhere else in the body. 

Usually it comes from the heart.

Embolism or embolus

A free-roaming clot that usually forms in the heart.
An embolism is a blood clot that forms in the heart. 

It is a free-roaming clot. 

Sometimes your body can’t dissolve a blood clot. 

The blood clot can get stuck in your brain.

This can cause a stroke.

EMG

Electromyographic feedback
Electromyographic feedback

Emotionalism

An increase in emotional behaviour—usually crying, but sometimes laughing that is outside normal control and may be unpredictable as a result of the stroke.
An increase in emotional behaviour—usually crying, but sometimes laughing that is outside normal control and may be unpredictable as a result of the stroke.

Emotional lability

Also known as the pseudobulbar effect . Uncontrollable outbursts of emotion (such as laughing to crying) without cause. After a stroke, it may only last a few weeks or continue for a long period.
Emotional lability is when you suddenly laugh or cry for no reason. 

It can happen when you have a stroke. 

It can last for a few weeks, or for a longer time. 

It is also called pseudobulbar effect.

Endarterectomy

The surgical removal of plaque from an artery that has become narrow or blocked.
Endarterectomy is a type of surgery. 

It is used when you have narrow or blocked arteries. 

The doctor widens your arteries.

Enduring power of attorney

Legal agreement which enables someone with decision-making capacity to appoint a trusted person or people to make financial and property decisions on their behalf.
Enduring power of attorney is a legal term. 

You can let a trusted person make decisions about your money and property.

Enteral tube feeding

Delivery of nutrients directly into the intestine via a tube.
Delivery of nutrients directly into the intestine via a tube.

ES

Effect size
Effect size

ESD

Early supported discharge
Early supported discharge

EWG

Expert working group
Expert working group

Executive function

Cognitive functions usually associated with the frontal lobes including planning, reasoning, time perception, complex goal-directed behaviour, decision making and working memory.
Cognitive functions usually associated with the frontal lobes including planning, reasoning, time perception, complex goal-directed behaviour, decision making and working memory.

Extracranial Intracranial Bypass

A type of surgery that restores blood flow to a blood-deprived area of brain tissue by rerouting a healthy artery in the scalp to the area of brain tissue affected by a blocked artery.
Extracranial intracranial bypass is a type of surgery. 

It is used when you have a blocked artery in your brain. 

The doctor will use an artery from your scalp. 

This lets blood back into the areas of your brain the blood can’t get to.